What Causes Gum Disease?

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common oral health condition that affects the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. In this blog post, we briefly discuss the primary causes of gum disease to help you protect your oral health.

  • Poor Oral Hygiene: Inadequate brushing and flossing allow plaque to accumulate, leading to gum inflammation and disease.
  • Bacterial Infections: Harmful bacteria in plaque and tartar cause gum infections, contributing to gum disease.
  • Tobacco Use: Smoking weakens the immune system and restricts blood flow to the gums, increasing the risk of gum disease.
  • Hormonal Changes: Hormonal fluctuations, such as during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause, can make gums more vulnerable to inflammation and gum disease.
  • Genetic Predisposition: Some individuals have a genetic predisposition to gum disease, requiring extra vigilance and regular dental visits.
  • Systemic Health Conditions: Conditions like diabetes and cardiovascular disease can increase the risk of gum disease, requiring careful management.

Maintaining good oral hygiene, avoiding tobacco use, and managing overall health is vital for preventing gum disease. Regular dental visits are essential for early detection and intervention.

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